Formulation of Instan Powder from the Combination of Single-bulb Black Garlic (Allium sativum L.) and Rosella Flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) with Foam Mat Drying Method

Formulasi Serbuk Instan Kombinasi Bawang Lanang Hitam (Allium sativum L.) dan Bunga Rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) dengan Metode Foam Mat Drying

  • Alfian Hendra Krisnawan Universitas Surabaya
  • Asti Gusni Dharmawati Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Surabaya
  • Husin Rayesh Mallaleng Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Surabaya
Keywords: Formula serbuk instan, bawang lanang hitam, rosella, foam mat drying, antioksidan

Abstract

Single-bulb garlic (Allium sativum L.) is a plant with various properties, such as anticancer, antibacterial, antihypertensive, and antioxidant. The processed product of garlic is black garlic which is made by fermenting garlic by heating at a temperature of 60-90°C within a few days. Formulated products in instant powder drinks can increase public consumption interest. This study aimed to formulate an instant powder functional beverage from single-bulb black garlic combined with rosella flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) using the foam mat drying method. Egg white is used as a foaming agent and methylcellulose as a foam stabilizer. The formula consisted of single-bulb black garlic powder, rosella flower powder, powder combination of single-bulb black garlic, and rosella flower (30:70) and (50:50). The color, smell, taste, and water content of the four formulas have met the quality standard of SNI 01-4320-1996. DPPH free radical scavenging test with parameter IC50 showed that the combination powder of single-bulb black garlic and rosella flower (30:70) had higher antioxidant activity than the other combination (50:50). The consumer acceptance test on the combined instant powder formula showed that consumers preferred the combination powder of single-bulb black garlic and rosella flower (30:70).
Published
2022-01-27
How to Cite
Alfian Hendra Krisnawan, Dharmawati, A. G., & Mallaleng, H. R. (2022). Formulation of Instan Powder from the Combination of Single-bulb Black Garlic (Allium sativum L.) and Rosella Flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) with Foam Mat Drying Method: Formulasi Serbuk Instan Kombinasi Bawang Lanang Hitam (Allium sativum L.) dan Bunga Rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) dengan Metode Foam Mat Drying . Journal Pharmasci (Journal of Pharmacy and Science), 7(1), 15-20. https://doi.org/10.53342/pharmasci.v7i1.273